Prioritisation and necessity
This is one of the Shakers’ greatest examples of discipline in design. Before making any piece of furniture, they would ask whether or not it was actually needed. They had real clarity of need versus want. What’s refreshing is the lack of indulgence and the freedom from clutter.
This spring, we’re talking a lot about what to gather in your homes and how to do and feel more with less. The Shakers were exemplary in gathering in their homes only what was required. It’s why they’re often associated with minimalism (though this is an entirely different design movement), because they would typically fill their homes with fewer things. They were more like ‘reductionists’.
This way of approaching how you design your home and what you choose to fill it with makes it easier to identify which are the pieces to invest in, which are the ones that you’re always going to need and which are required to last the course. Bring in elements of want as well though – that’s all part of the fun of decorating your home and making it feel most like you.
Utility and function
This second principle is more to do with how a piece is designed. It’s probably the Shaker ethos that most inspires our own collection. Shaker-style furniture was always created with function front of mind. The entire focus was on performance and fulfilling objectives of use and purpose. They believed that the beauty in a piece came from its ability to work well, to do as intended.
Pared-back forms, unfussy silhouettes, clean character and so on, are all descriptions used to define Shaker pieces. They weren’t concerned with flounce and flourish. They were distractions from, and contradictions to, its purity in function. ‘Beauty rests in utility’ is one of the phrases for which they’re most recognised.
Even if Shaker simplicity isn’t a look that suits you or your home, what this principle reminds you of is to never compromise on the usefulness of a design. It tells you that choosing pieces for your home on face value alone won’t serve to make you happy in the long-run, because beauty runs below the surface too. Having fewer pieces in your home that are designed to be beautiful inside and out, rather than lots of pieces whose beauty is only skin-deep, is a route to a happier home.
Integrity and longevity
Shaker designs are renowned for their quality. They believed in making furniture once and well to avoid being wasteful of both time and materials. Not only that, but because their furniture was an expression of faith and servitude, they honed every piece to perfection. Their furniture embodied a commitment to quality.
Natural materials and the art of hand-made were honoured, but the Shakers were also responsible for creating advancements in machinery too if it served to be useful. The circular saw, for example, was an invention of the Shakers, because it produced more accurate cuts.
It’s this Shaker principle that reaffirms not to sacrifice the quality of the furniture that you have in your home. Seek out the pieces that are made in the way that they should be, from every angle and at every join, and from the best material for the item in question.
Invest in the pieces that have been designed to last the course.